World Production = 24.8 million tonnes (2001)
Annual Production
graph: world ethanol producers
  • Most of the world's ethanol is produced by fermentation of crop biomass (93%) with synthetic ethanol production from crude oil and natural gas at 7%.
  • The UK is the world's largest producer of synthetic ethanol.
  • Recent advances in biotechnology enable genetically engineered bacteria to produce ethanol from waste biomass.
Diagram: structure of ethanol

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